Mars
(more details below)

Mars.jpg
 
Mars Moon Phobos.jpg
Mars Moon Deimos.jpg
Size & Distance
Size.jpg

* Mars has a Diameter of 4,212 miles and is 142 million miles away from the Sun

 

* It takes 13 mins for light to travel from the Sun to Mars

 

* Mars is about half the size of Earth

Geology
Geode.jpg

* Dense core at its center between 1,860 and 2,600 miles in radius. It's made of iron, nickel and sulphur.

 

* Surrounding the core is a rocky mantle between 770 and 1,170 miles thick, and above that, a crust made of iron, magnesium, aluminum, calcium and potassium.

 

* This crust is between 6 and 30 miles deep.

Atmosphere / Weather
Weather 2.png

* Like Earth Mars has distinct seasons

 

* On Mars the seasons vary in length because of Mars' elliptical, egg-shaped orbit around the Sun.

 

* The red planet is actually many colours, reason Mars looks reddish is due to oxidization—or rusting—of iron in the rocks

Orbit & Rotation
Orbit Size Distance.png

* One year on Mars takes 687 Earth days

 

* Days called ‘Sols’ - short for for ‘solar day’

 

* Mars' axis of rotation is tilted 25 degrees

similarity with Earth, which has an axial tilt of 23.4 degrees.

credit - NASA